Thursday, July 3, 2014
After Retirement: Psychological Considerations
After Retirement: Psychological Considerations 
What does Retirement mean:
· Does not always mean complete withdrawal from work environment
· Some seniors have bridge jobs the holds between ending their primary employment and final retirement
· Bridge jobs are associated with both retirement and overall life satisfaction.
Stability and Change of Personality:
· For instance, if your are a hostile person you are unlikely to mellow much with age
· The same is true for optimistic
Personality Traits contribute to Health and Longevity.
· Personality is a strong predictor of emotionality and subjective well-being
· Negative emotions tend to decrease with age
· Positive emotions tend to remain stable; possibly because as we age we tend to seek activities and people that give us emotional gratification.
Ego Integrity Vesus Despair
· Is a state we reach after taking care of things and people, Products and ideas, and having adapted to successes and failures of existence
· Ego integrity: a sense of having integrated one’s life.
· Perceiving the dignity of our style of life and defending it from potential threat.
· Is the virtue that develops; informend and detatched concern with life itself in the face of approaching death
· Physical and mental activity slows down
· Simple wisdom maintains and conveys the integrity that accumulated experience of previours years.
· Adaptive thinking or behaviour aimed at receiving or reducing stress that rises from harmful , threatening or challenging conditions .
Religion and Meditation
· ‘There is a positive link between religion or spirituality and health, marriage satisfaction, psychological well-being, and physical health.
· Meditation is also a useful connector to physical and mental health.
Three Main Components of Successful Aging
· Avoidance of disease and or disease related disability
· Maintenance of high physical and cognitive functioning
· Sustained active engagement in social and productive activities.
More about Personal Relationships
· We tend to spend less time with others as we age
· Relationships that we don maintain are important for our well- being
Social Contact Seems to Prolong Life
· 53% of men who are socially isolated die from cardiovascular disease and more than twice as like to die from accidents or suicide (compared to men who are not isolated
· Large social networks and frequent social contacts also are connected with less cognitive decline.
· Marital satisfaction influences overall health
· Being married itself is important for man; women’s health is more related to the quality of their marriage
· Friendships are also very important for overall health.